Plastic products are omnipresent in our everyday lives. But more and more people are warning that they are not only harmful to the environment, but also to the human body.
Plastic is the name for plastics of all kinds. There are plastics that are produced from natural products through chemical conversion, and synthetic plastics that are obtained from oil, coal, or natural gas.
For example, the most commonly used plastic is found in packaging such as custom plastic bags, cling film, beverage carton liners, plastic bottles, and housewares.
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC):
This substance has a wide range of uses: it can be found in construction (e.g. pipes, window frames, floor coverings), in the packaging industry, in mechanical engineering (e.g. pumps, fittings), but also in shower curtains, records, and shoe soles, children’s toys, rainwear, and artificial leather.
Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET):
PET is mainly used in bottles, but it is also used in films and textile fibers.
This type of plastic is found, for example, in refrigerators, freezers, mattresses, but also in paints, adhesives, and shoes.
The plastic is used, among other things, in the interior of cars, in small electrical and household appliances as well as child seats and DVD cases.
Also known under the name Styrofoam, this plastic is used as an insulating material, but also in yogurt pots.
Additives such as plasticizers, UV stabilizers, fillers, colorants, or flame retardants are added when the plastics are processed. The chemicals are used, for example, to make the plastic more elastic, to give it the color, or to reduce its flammability. 98 percent of plasticizers are used in PVC.